|Permaculture Definition: There are many different definitions of permaculture. It can be defined a holistic system for designing self-reliant homesteads and communities. It can also be defined as an approach to design that mimics the relationships found in natural ecologies. The Havensteader definition can be found within the purpose of permaculture which is:
to live and work within nature’s harmony
so that the earth and all of its inhabitants benefit now and in the future.
(Permaculture Principles Graphic Retrieved from Permaculture Principles)
Permaculture Beginnings: The principles associated with permaculture were first developed by Australians Bill Mollison, David Holmgren and their associates during the 1970s. The development of the permaculture concepts were outlined in the publication of Permaculture One (1978). His passion about the philosophical and conceptual foundations for sustainability which are highlighted in his book, Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability inspired the creation of the website: permacultureprinciples.com where individuals can find engaging and simple instruction on how to learn more about permaculture and sustainable living. Mollison would also later go on to write Permaculture: A Designer’s Manual still used today in permaculture courses. As permaculture began to increase in popularity, others, such as Toby Hemenway began to address permaculture for the suburban homesteader. His book Gaia’s Garden: A Guide to Homescale Permaculture is a great tool for the beginning homesteader and permaculturalist.
Permaculture Ethics: At its heart, permaculture is concerned with three primary areas of ethics. The three ethics are: care for the earth, care for people, and fair share.
12 principles of permaculture as described by David Holmgren:
1. Observe and Interact
2. Catch and Store Energy
3. Obtain a yield
4. Apply Self Regulation and Accept Feedback
5. Use and Value Renewable Resources and Services
6. Produce No Waste
7. Design From Patterns to Details
8. Integrate Rather Than Segregate
9. Use Small and Slow Solutions
10. Use and Value Diversity
11. Use Edges and Value the Marginal
12. Creatively Use and Respond to Change
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